The history of violence against LGBT people in the United States is made up of assaults on gay men , lesbians , bisexual , and transgender individuals LGBT , legal responses to such violence, and hate crime statistics in the United States of America. People who are perceived to be LGBT may also be targeted. The violence that has occurred over the existence of the LGBT community has been very extensive considering how long the incidents have occurred. Since the Stonewall riots against one of the many police raids on gay bars, there have been many more reports and instances of violence against LGBT people in the United States. Dozens of transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals are murdered every year in the US, and the murder of black transgender women is especially prevalent. Throughout time the number and statistics of these acts of violence have increased greatly due to the belief of religious and political views, or perhaps other factors as well.
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Greggor Mattson does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Gay bars have been shuttered by public-place closure orders during the coronavirus pandemic. In March, more than half of U. But gay bars were already closing their doors before the virus hit. Their decline began sometime around and has since accelerated. On the one hand, this decline can be seen as a sign of shifting attitudes toward LGBT people ; on the other hand, their closure represents the loss of a vital community space. The Great Recession also hammered bars and full-service restaurants , pushing some vulnerable establishments to the edge.
History, as it is taught, is a straight line of dominoes falling — the relentless clack of fact hitting fact, an orderly queue of causality stretching on forever. History, as it is lived, is a reeling spiral of flight and return; the iterative reawakening of new selves in familiar places; a never-ending interrogation of our own confused and confusing motives; a messy slather of dots on a graph where the center can be plotted only retrospectively. Each bar stands in for the community that patronized it, and each community stands in for Atherton Lin himself at a certain moment in time.
A nightclub , music club , or simply club , is an entertainment venue and bar that usually operates late into the night. A nightclub is generally distinguished from regular bars, pubs , or taverns by the inclusion of a stage for live music, one or more dance floor areas and a DJ booth, where a DJ plays recorded music. The upmarket nature of nightclubs can be seen in the inclusion of VIP areas in some nightclubs, for celebrities and their guests. Nightclubs are much more likely than pubs or sports bars to use bouncers to screen prospective clubgoers for entry. Some nightclub bouncers do not admit people with informal clothing or gang apparel as part of a dress code.